Oxidative stress is important in the pathogenesis of renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury; however whether imbalances in reactive oxygen production and disposal account for susceptibility to injury is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare necrosis, apoptosis, and oxidative stress in IR-resistant Brown Norway rats vs. IR-susceptible Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats in an in vivo model of renal IR injury. As superoxide (O 2 ·− ) interacts with nitric oxide (NO) to form peroxynitrite, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and nitrotyrosine were also examined. Renal IR was induced in SD and BN rats by bilateral clamping of renal arteries for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 24 h (SD 24 and BN 24, respectively). BN rats were resistant to renal IR injury as evidenced by lower plasma creatinine and decreased acute tubular necrosis. TUNEL staining analysis demonstrated significantly decreased apoptosis in the BN rats vs. SD rats after IR. Following IR, O 2 ·− levels were also significantly lower in renal tissue of BN rats vs. SD rats (P < 0.05) in conjunction with a preservation of the O 2 ·− dismutating protein, CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZn SOD) (P < 0.05). This was accompanied by an overall decrease in 4-hydroxynonenal adducts in the BN but not SD rats after IR. BN rats also displayed lower iNOS expression (P < 0.05) resulting in lower tissue NO levels and decreased nitrotyrosine formation (P < 0.01) following IR. Collectively these results show that the resistance of the BN rat to renal IR injury is associated with a favorable balance of oxidant production vs. oxidant removal.
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